According to the Institute of Agricultural Economics (IEA-APTA), of the Secretary of Agriculture and Supply of the State of São Paulo, agribusiness exports in 2021 increased by 9.5% in the state when compared to the previous year. Overall exports reached US$ 18.97 billion in 2021. Imports also increased by 10.6% to US$ 4.58 billion. According to the entity, the balance of trade was US$ 14.39 billion, 9.1% higher than in 2020. The five main exporting sectors in São Paulo were the sugar and ethanol complex (US$ 6.53 billion); the soy complex (US$ 2.57 billion); beef (US$ 2.53 billion); forest products (US$ 1.68 billion); and juice (US$ 1.59 billion). According to IEA researchers, José Alberto Angelo, Marli Dias Mascarenhas de Oliveira, and Carlos Nabil Ghobril, the sugar and alcohol complex showed a positive variation of 0.5% compared to 2020, with sugar accounting for 86.4% of the total exported. The soy complex, on the other hand, grew by 24.4% in 2021, with soybean accounting for 84.8% of the exports.

Sources: APTA/Notícias Agrícolas (*Translated by Ia Niani)